Intelligent Buildings, Intelligent Homes, and Building Management Systems (BMS) encompasses an enormous variety of technologies, across
commercial, industrial, institutional and domestic buildings, including energy management systems and building controls.
The function of Building Management Systems is central to 'Intelligent Buildings' concepts. Its
purpose is to control, monitor and optimize building services, lighting, heating, security (CCTV), alarm, access control systems, audiovisual and entertainment systems, ventilation, filtration and climate control, air quality,
events time and attendance control records, staff activities and work schedule.
Intelligent building architecture is to integrate systems that are affect the performance of the building and its occupants. Intelligent
architecture consists of three areas:
Building architecture and design
Technology applications and hardware
Computer-aided building management and maintenance systems.
Design the building
with technologies must consider people health and culture, environment protection, local economy and global politics to create excellent environment for the occupants’ productivity and living conditions in harmony with
nature. Coexistence with nature means to respect the nature and use natural resources.
Intelligent design building must include the building life cycle in various climate and with various materials. It should be energy and
resource efficient, easy to maintain, and allow construction modification and use recyclable materials.
The intelligent architecture incorporates computer-aided facility management systems (CAFM).
The concept of
intelligent (or smart) system, originally applied to electrical, mechanical as advances in sensing, networking and continuous monitoring. Now the smart building design includes civil engineering structures and aerospace systems to
control structural functions. The intelligent structure has the capability to identify its status and optimally adapt its function in response to stimuli.
The major focus of the intelligent civil structure has been on two
Identification of structural behavior or properties (e.g. deformation, energy usage or damage evaluation);
Control of structural response to stimuli, whether external (e.g. wind or earthquake) or
internal (e.g. acoustics or temperature variation).
The potential impact of intelligent buildings developments on our living and working condition and on the environments is enormous. Any facilities managers considering premises
development or site relocation should consider the intelligent buildings technologies concepts.